Food Hygiene

Aetiology of acute gastro-enteritis in children at Saint Camille Medical Centre, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Aetiology of acute gastro-enteritis in children at Saint Camille Medical Centre, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
Simpore, J.; Ouermi, D.; Ilboudo, D.; Kabre, A.; Zeba, B.; Pietra, V.; Pignatelli, S.; Nikiema, J. B.; Kabre, G. B.; Caligaris, S.; Schumacher, F.; Castelli, F.; ANSInet, Asian Network for Scientific Information, Faisalabad, Pakistan, Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 2009, 12, 3, 258-263, 28 ref.

The present study aims at identifying the infectious agents responsible for child Acute Gastro-Enteritis (AGE) in Ouagadougou. From May 5 2006 to June 22 2008, 648 children aged from 2 to 41 months, with at least an average of 3 loose stools per day have been enrolled for coproculture, parasitology and virology test. Among them, 34 (5.25%) were HIV seropositive. A single sample of faeces from each child was used to identify enteropathogens. An infectious aetiology was identified in 41.20% of cases. The pathogenic agents detected as responsible for the AGE are: Rotavirus 21.1%; Adenovirus 1.9%; Giardia 7.6% Entamoeba; 1.08%; entero-pathogenic E. coli 41.7%; Salmonella 3.40%; Shigella 1.85% and Yersinia 1.70%. Conclusion: Therefore, these AGE etiologic agents constitute a problem of public health in Burkina Faso. Their control for the child would require: (1) a regular paediatric and clinical follow up; (2) health education of the population for food hygiene; (3) and in case of absence of HIV infection in the mother, a promotion of exclusive breast-feeding up to the age of 4 months.

  • Publication type: Journal article
  • Record Number: 20093292838
  • Author Affiliation: Medical Centre, Saint Camille-Pietro Annigoni Biomolecular Research Centre, Saint Camille-Cerba/Labiogene-Ougadougou, Université de Ouagadougou, 01 BP 364 Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso.
  • ISSN: 1028-8880
  • DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2009.258.263
  • Language of publication: English
  • Geographical Location: Burkina Faso;
  • Organism Descriptors: Entamoeba; Giardia; Human adenovirus; human immunodeficiency viruses; man; Rotavirus; Salmonella; Shigella; Yersinia (Bacteria);
  • Descriptors: aetiology; bacterial diseases; children; diarrhoea; enteropathogenic Escherichia coli; gastroenteritis; giardiasis; HIV infections; human diseases; protozoal infections; salmonellosis; shigellosis; viral diseases;
  • Identifiers: bacterial infections; bacterioses; Bourkina Fasso; causal agents; diarrhea; EPEC; etiology; giardiosis; human immunodeficiency virus infections; protozoal diseases; Salmonella infections; scouring; viral infections;
  • CABICODEs: VV210 – Prion, Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Pathogens of Humans, (New March 2000); VV220 – Protozoan, Helminth and Arthropod Parasites of Humans, (New March 2000);
  • Broad Terms: West Africa; Africa South of Sahara; Africa; Least Developed Countries; Developing Countries; ACP Countries; Francophone Africa; Endamoebidae; Amoebida; Sarcomastigophora; Protozoa; invertebrates; animals; eukaryotes; Hexamitidae; Diplomonadida; Mastadenovirus; Adenoviridae; dsDNA viruses; DNA viruses; viruses; Lentivirus; Retroviridae; RNA Reverse Transcribing Viruses; Homo; Hominidae; Primates; mammals; vertebrates; Chordata; Reoviridae; dsRNA viruses; RNA viruses; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Gammaproteobacteria; Proteobacteria; Bacteria; prokaryotes;



Written by geraldmoy

March 4, 2011 at 4:11 pm