Food Hygiene

Incidence and etiology of infantile diarrhea and major routes of transmission in Huascar, Peru.

Incidence and etiology of infantile diarrhea and major routes of transmission in Huascar, Peru.
Black, R. E.; Lopez de Romaña, G.; Brown, K. H.; Bravo, N.; Bazalar, O. G.; Kanashiro, H. C.; American Journal of Epidemiology, 1989, 129, 4, 785-799,

Community-based studies of diarrhea etiology and epidemiology were carried out from July 1982-June 1984 in 153 infants residing in a poor peri-urban community near Lima, Peru. Study infants had nearly 10 episodes of diarrhea in their first year of life. Diarrhea episodes were associated with organisms such as Campylobacter jejuni, enterotoxigenic and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli, Shigella, rotavirus, and Cryptosporidium. These organisms appeared to be transmitted to infants in the home through animal feces, through contaminated water and food, and by direct person-to-person contact. A particularly important route of transmission may have been weaning foods, which were often contaminated because of improper preparation and inadequate cleaning of utensils [foods eaten by the entire family, such as soups, stews and fried foods, were less often contaminated. However, for most food items, the frequency of contamination was related to the amount of time since initial preparation.] Improved feeding practices, along with avoidance of animal feces and improved personal and domestic hygiene, should be considered important interventions in reducing the high incidence of diarrhea in infants in developing countries.
AS/Jean King

  • Publication type: Journal article
  • Record Number: 19892064080
  • Author Affiliation: Dept Internat. Hlth, Johns Hopkins Univ. Sch. Hyg. & Publ. Hlth, 615 N. Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.
  • ISSN: 0002-9262
  • Language of publication: English
  • Geographical Location: Peru;
  • Organism Descriptors: man;
  • Descriptors: diarrhoea; infants;
  • Identifiers: America (South); diarrhea; scouring;
  • CABICODEs: VV200 – Parasites, Vectors, Pathogens and Biogenic Diseases of Humans, (Discontinued March 2000);
  • Broad Terms: Homo; Hominidae; Primates; mammals; vertebrates; Chordata; animals; eukaryotes; South America; America; Developing Countries; Andean Group; Latin America;

Copyright CAB International 2010


Written by geraldmoy

March 4, 2011 at 4:07 pm